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Teacher Pay

Arizona’s median elementary school teacher salary remains significantly lower than the national median. With many district superintendents reporting low and/or frozen salaries as a top reason for teachers leaving the profession, lack of mentoring programs and professional development opportunities, lack of respect for the profession, and other factors are also cited.

Arizona students would benefit from policies and funding that enable schools to attract, support, and retain great teachers and principals. In addition, competitive pay and incentives to work in more challenging or remote location might stem teacher turnover.

Teacher Pay is defined as the rank of Arizona’s elementary school teachers as compared to the other US states and British Colombia. Importantly, these data measure the salaries of all teachers, including those at charter schools and account for primary and secondary school teachers separately.

 

Teacher Pay

Arizona's ranking compared to other states for median Arizona elementary teacher pay.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, 2018. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Price Parities, 2018.

  Elementary School Teacher Secondary School Teacher Accountant and Auditor Civil Engineer Occupational Therapist Physician Assistant
 SalaryRankSalaryRankSalaryRankSalaryRankSalaryRankSalaryRank
United States$58,230*$60,320*$70,500*$86,640*$84,270*$108,610*
Alabama$58,45425$59,33126$73,4376$86,67823$96,1012$108,96228
Alaska$69,0046$72,5862$72,40411$102,5672$83,75532$115,89112
Arizona$45,35349$48,69348$66,78432$82,37637$94,4504$109,04627
Arkansas$55,01734$58,68231$71,23716$87,26022$91,01712$118,1048
California$70,4093$72,0125$65,93238$92,3787$84,72129$103,22338
Colorado$48,76946$50,17447$70,67820$84,11830$84,05031$99,87445
Connecticut$69,8614$71,0836$70,78719$83,29633$83,15734$116,9639
Delaware$61,97814$64,87513$72,6779$87,32321$84,80528$105,83435
Florida$48,67947$52,17243$62,33249$83,26334$84,95527$104,52537
Georgia$60,81119$62,08623$74,4545$80,84341$89,60016$112,93023
Hawaii$51,62940$50,76846$51,72250$70,55749$72,52348$98,08447
Idaho$49,44145$54,17239$62,65648$78,79645$88,54818$112,14024
Illinois$59,97022$68,7119$72,55810$89,94915$86,11223$107,26930
Indiana$55,22332$56,14735$71,69315$87,47219$90,88013$110,11126
Iowa$60,39021$62,40521$68,41927$91,70410$87,42821$119,5435
Kansas$54,17836$55,06738$67,92230$84,47829$88,36719$114,57818
Kentucky$61,51317$63,35616$68,66925$90,45512$89,55617$107,03131
Louisiana$53,31938$55,80536$67,92529$104,5501$93,9516$100,37744
Maine$53,53737$55,40737$64,17744$80,85440$70,04150$113,87220
Maryland$63,98511$65,05512$67,66931$71,86548$82,98935$97,75149
Massachusetts$73,0032$72,1324$69,40722$82,28038$81,50136$102,04842
Michigan$68,2588$66,71010$70,80618$82,96836$80,37638$116,34411
Minnesota$63,41512$63,14919$67,93828$91,02611$75,65145$118,1547
Mississippi$50,17544$53,82740$66,14936$93,7576$93,9565$105,48436
Missouri$51,36341$53,82141$71,10617$87,43020$85,54224$106,44733
Montana$52,77039$51,82944$64,96841$78,49946$76,97742$113,33022
Nebraska$63,40413$63,33717$66,76333$90,12313$85,01126$115,40213
Nevada$58,22726$59,15028$63,88346$90,01014$96,6191$122,5102
New Hampshire$55,04733$57,51434$63,44047$76,39947$75,95543$106,36134
New Jersey$59,48623$66,16511$71,91313$85,97026$84,22530$106,90932
New Mexico$56,75230$57,56732$64,43743$92,0698$85,30525$120,3974
New York$68,8777$70,1997$71,89114$80,14742$72,13349$101,08843
North Carolina$50,23043$51,21645$76,4952$88,14917$92,7719$111,91725
North Dakota$58,05828$58,82430$66,21535$87,48118$74,38447$114,97216
Ohio$69,6855$69,4498$72,7008$88,16616$94,8483$119,1686
Oklahoma$43,39350$46,38250$73,0677$94,4944$93,9217$116,69710
Oregon$66,5539$72,2713$66,09037$86,29124$91,02511$114,52319
Pennsylvania$65,27110$64,34115$68,92723$83,61631$80,02040$99,81646
Rhode Island$75,4561$74,5031$77,8601$84,60428$80,86237$94,69650
South Carolina$54,88935$58,98229$64,86742$85,39827$87,89820$107,67729
South Dakota$48,37948$48,49249$70,60121$83,51532$77,32441$115,24915
Tennessee$56,50431$57,54433$68,69524$94,1485$93,5848$102,88739
Texas$58,12427$59,58825$75,1133$95,1553$90,49514$113,48521
Utah$59,35124$59,17527$65,37140$79,39244$87,29922$102,79440
Vermont$57,65929$62,33222$65,66839$70,29350$75,72744$102,16641
Virginia$61,74316$62,67420$74,9174$86,25925$90,21515$97,92448
Washington$61,82315$64,60514$66,35334$83,13035$75,47046$115,32914
West Virginia$51,28742$53,18442$72,03412$91,8289$91,59810$114,63217
Wisconsin$60,45520$61,36424$68,60426$81,00639$80,28139$121,0933
Wyoming$61,50218$63,17218$63,93945$79,77943$83,28833$124,0441

ASU's Morrison Institute for Public Policy is the data steward for the Education Progress Meter. Data for these indicators was compiled and reviewed for validity.

Data sources and methodology for each of the Education Progress Meter metrics are listed below, with a brief introduction followed by a more in-depth description of the process for producing the final numbers. This is followed by a description of Census Bureau data and a brief look at potential issues with sample-based data.


Teacher Pay

Arizona’s ranking compared to other states for median Arizona elementary teacher salary.

Sources

  • Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, 2018
  • Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Price Parities, 2018

Included in this number

Median pay for district, charter, and private school elementary teachers, except for special education teachers. Median pay for public and private school secondary teachers, except for special education and career/technical education teachers. These numbers are adjusted to compensate for the regional cost of living. Included in these wage estimates are base salary, cost-of-living allowances, incentive pay, and several other items.

Not included in this number

Preschool, special education, career and technical teachers, teacher’s aides, or administrators. Overtime pay, stock bonuses, and year-end-bonuses are excluded from the calculation of wages. A complete description of the BLS definition of wages can be found at: https://www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#def

In Brief

Median Elementary and secondary (high school) teacher pay is compared in Arizona, three neighboring Western states, and the nation as a whole. Approximately half of Arizona teachers earn more than this amount, and half earn less.

Median teacher pay is also compared to several other occupations that also require a bachelor’s degree and to median pay for the total workforce. This data comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

To provide a more accurate comparison across states, the BLS figures are adjusted by the Regional Price Parities published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. This adjustment compensates for higher or lower cost-of-living in some areas.

Detailed Methodology

Data on salaries for 800 occupations is collected by United States Bureau of Labor Statistics through the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program. Both national and state-level files were downloaded from https://www.bls.gov/oes/.

The occupations and their Standard Occupation Codes (SOC) selected for comparison are as follows:

     • All Occupations    00-0000
     • Accountants and Auditors    13-2011
     • Civil Engineers    17-2051
     • Elementary School Teachers, except special education    25-2021
     • Secondary School Teachers, except special and career/technical ed    25-2031
     • Occupational Therapists    29-1122
     • Physician Assistants    29-1071
 

Annual median wage was extracted for each of these occupations for the nation and all 50 states.

A note on the BLS website addresses some concerns about using this data for year-to-year comparisons:

“Although the OES survey methodology is designed to create detailed cross-sectional employment and wage estimates for the U.S., States, metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, across industry and by industry, it is less useful for comparisons of two or more points in time. Challenges in using OES data as a time series include changes in the occupational, industrial, and geographical classification systems, changes in the way data are collected, changes in the survey reference period, and changes in mean wage estimation methodology, as well as permanent features of the methodology.” (https://www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#have)

With this in mind, these numbers are best used to compare teacher pay in Arizona relative to other occupations and to other states rather than looking at changes from one year to the next, which are likely not meaningful.

Unlike other measures of teacher pay, such as NCES or NEA, BLS data also captures salary information for charter school teachers in Arizona, which represent approximately 15 percent of the K-12 teaching workforce in Arizona.

To adjust for local cost-of-living, Regional Price Parities (RPP) were downloaded from https://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/rpp/rpp_newsrelease.htm and applied to the median salaries reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. These parities were applied to the state level median wages. Both the annual median wage and state rankings were reported for the seven occupations for Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and the United States.


 


 

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